Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

It is a virus that causes respiratory infection. It first appeared in China in December 2019 and has spread to many countries of the world. Fever, cough and shortness of breath are the most common symptoms. Most patients recover without the need for treatment, but some people may develop serious illness, such as pneumonia and difficulty breathing.
You can visit the Ministry of Health web site (www.saglik.gov.tr) for updated information.

INFORMATION DOCUMENTS

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

It is a virus that causes respiratory infection. It first appeared in China in December 2019 and has spread to many countries of the world.

Those who are infected with Coronavirus may have no symptoms. Fever, cough and difficulty breathing are the most common symptoms. Some patients may experience aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhoea. Most people recover without the need for hospital care, but in some cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe respiratory distress, renal failure, and even death.

Symptoms appear within 2-14 after the virus is taken into the body. Some people may show no symptoms even though they are infected.

The novel Coronavirus may affect older people or those with underlying diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease.

When a sick person coughs or sneezes, the droplets scattered into the environment are transmitted by contact with the mouth, nose or eye of healthy person.
After touching the contaminated surfaces with the droplets of the patients, the virus can be taken by taking the hands to the face, eyes, nose or mouth without washing.

The novel coronavirus vaccine is not yet available, development work is ongoing.

There is no drug developed for the treatment of novel coronavirus yet, development studies are ongoing. However, those affected should take care to alleviate the symptoms. People with serious illness should be hospitalized. Most patients recover by the support of care givers.

No, antibiotics are only effective against bacteria. The novel Coronavirus is a virus and therefore antibiotics should not be used to prevent or treat infection.

Preventive measures include avoiding possible contact with the virus, following general hygiene rules and paying attention to food safety. You can be protected from novel coronavirus and other respiratory infections by simple measures that you will apply in your daily life:

  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Cover the mouth and nose with disposable wipes during coughing and sneezing, if there is no wipe, use the inside of the elbow.
  • Keep 3-4 steps away from people who show symptoms of colds.
  • Cancel or postpone your travels abroad.
  • Ventilate your environments frequently.
  • Clean your favorite surfaces such as door handles, fixtures, sinks with water and detergent daily.
  • Wash your clothes at 60-90 degrees with normal detergent.
  • Avoid close contact, such as handshaking, hugging.
  • If you have a fever, cough, and shortness of breath, wear a mask and seek medical advice.
  • If you have cold symptoms, do not contact the elderly and chronic patients, do not go out without wearing a mask.
  • Do not touch your eyes, mouth, nose with your hands.
  • Do not share any personal belongings (everyday items such as towels) in common.
  • If you have returned from abroad, spend the first 14 days at home.
  • Drink plenty of fluids, eat a balanced diet, pay attention to your sleep patterns.

Research has shown that the virus can survive up to 4 hours on the copper surface, less than 24 hours on the cardboard surface, and 72 hours on the plastic and stainless steel surface. However, the virus dies when the surfaces are cleaned with household cleaning products.

Yes, you should use a protective mask (medical mask or cloth mask), especially, when you are outside your home, in environments where you are with other people. The mask is an essential measure to fight against COVID-19 because as people get closer to each other, the risk of virus transmission increases.

Any hand cleaner (such as hand sanitizer, cologne) containing 60 percent or more alcohol instantly destroys your viruses. Antibacterial gels or hand disinfectants with a lower percentage of alcohol do not kill viruses. Virus death with “alcohol” is valid only for hand cleaning. Most disinfectants and germicidal agents do not protect your hand more than a strict “water-soap cleaning”. When you cannot wash your hands with soap and water, use other cleaning products.

No, there is no evidence that pets such as dogs and cats are infected or spread the virus.

There is no evidence of this, the virus is known to occur in countries experiencing the summer.

There is no miraculous food that kills the virus. However, eating a balanced and healthy diet strengthens the immune system, allowing us to be resistant to diseases. Cook your meals well, do not eat raw vegetables and fruits without washing them well. Do not forget to wash your hands before and after eating.

No. Drinking regular water is a reasonable and appropriate advice that ensures you are not dehydrated, but it does not protect you from the virus. Especially, keeping this water at "high temperature" and burning it by burning the mouth and throat mucosa can harm the benefit.

If you think you have Coronavirus symptoms, you can call "Alo 184" Coronavirus Support Line under the Health Ministry of the Turkish Republic. If you are among those who are restricted to leave their houses (over 65 years old, chronic patients and under 20 years old) and have questions or requests about your basic needs, you can reach the Vefa Social Support Group by these phone numbers 112, 155 or 156. When you or any of your relatives need psychosocial support, you can call the psychosocial support lines in your city. Click here for psychosocial support line information of the 81 provinces.